Composting is the storing of organic materials over time resulting is a nutrient-rich organic fertilizer or mulch which some call "black gold". This fertilizer is created by organisms which breakdown the organic materials that are put into the compost bin together. Composting is easy and fun and even kids can get involved in composting. I've been composting for years and I really enjoy it.
So, how do you about composting? Well, let's get dirty. First, let's look at the compost bin itself. Compost bins are usually made from blocks, wire or wood.
Your compost bin should be put in a convenient and shady area and good drainage is important. Your compost pile should be at least 3 feet square and 4 feet high to generate the heat needed by the composting organisms.
These composting organisms are living so they need a balanced diet. This diet should be the mixture of water, air and green and brown ingredients.
The high-nitrogen green ingredients include: food wastes (fruits and vegetables, tea bags, egg shells, coffee grounds, etc.), grass clippings, weeds and hay.
The high-carbon brown ingredients include: autumn leaves, corn stalks, pine needles, paper items (napkins, towels, bags, plates, tissue, newspaper and coffee filters), saw dust and straw.
You should start your pile with coarse material, like twigs or straw, to build in air passages. You then add a few inches of alternating layers of green and brown ingredients. Add a little amount of water after each layer. You can use a shovel or pitchfork to add the materials. You can use your hands, but make sure you are wearing gloves. Whenever you add ingredients to your compost pile you need to "mix" your ingredients into the rest of the pile. It is best to use a hoe, pitchfork or a shovel to do this properly.
Troubleshooting your compost pile:
Composting is a cheap and easy way to create your own fantastic fertilizer or mulch and it's totally natural. So instead of throwing out your food you can put some of it to good use. This will save some space in landfills. You also can save money not having to pay for fertilizer or mulch and save time by just putting some of your grass clippings and leaves into your compost bin. Composting is a great eco-friendly project for the entire family.
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Composting is the purposeful biodegradation of organic matter, such as yard and food waste. The decomposition is performed by micro-organisms, mostly bacteria, but also yeasts and fungi. In low temperature phases a number of macro-organisms, such as springtails, ants, nematodes, isopods and red wigglers also contribute to the process, as well as soldier fly, fruit flies and fungus gnats. There are a wide range of organisms in the decomposer community.